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US Vice President Kamala Harris at COP28 | Credits: AFP
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US, among 60 nations pledge cooling emission cuts by 2050 at COP28

United States: On Tuesday, around 60 countries, including the United States, pledged to back cooling-related emissions by the year 2050 during the COP28 summit in Dubai. This statement was confirmed by the US State Department officials.

According to the reports by news agency Reuters, the Global Cooling Pledge would be the first-ever collective effort to work on the energy emissions from the cooling sector. The pledge focuses on the decrease in cooling-related emissions by at least 68 percent, as compared to the levels in the year 2022.

Various experts have termed it as a tough task as it is anticipated that the cooling industry will only contribute towards the growth in temperature.

As per a report published by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), it is anticipated that the cooling capacity is set to increase by three-fold by 2050. Expectedly, the cooling emissions will be between 4.4 billion and 6.1 billion metric tonnes of carbon dioxide (by 2050). The report further claimed that the amount would be equal to one-tenth of global emissions and would be responsible for straining electric grids.

New regulations or incentives for the industry in the US

According to the reports published by the news agency Reuters, there are expectations that this process could lead to the construction of more regulations as well as incentives for the industry. It is also anticipated that the US’ participation will add pressure on the countries to join the league.

Efforts by the United States to boost the cooling-technology efficiency

An anonymous US official recently expressed that the United States has been focusing on reducing the effects of the efficiency of cooling technologies.

The authorities have also assured to work towards the reduction of the use of hydrofluorocarbons, or HFCs – gas which is released by air conditioners and refrigerators and is a key greenhouse gas. In this regard, the US Environmental Protection Agency, in October, introduced a new set of rules that will restrict the use of the gas from 2025 to 2028.

Other countries to sign the Global Cooling Pledge

The reports by Reuters claimed that Brain Dean of Sustainable Energy for All – a part of the UNEP coalition that developed the pledge, informed that Kenya was the first-ever country to sign the Global Cooling Pledge on Monday afternoon.

28th edition of COP at Dubai, UAE | Credits: AP

In this regard, the organizers anticipated the support of at least 80 countries. The organizers highlighted that it is really important to work on climate-warming emissions to protect the nation from the dangerous and life-threatening heat heatwaves.

Another pledge during COP28

Another COP28 pledge focused on triple renewable energy, which assured that the energy efficiency rates will be doubled by 2030. This pledge was supported by around 118 countries.

It is believed that these commitments are easier and less detailed to implement than the Global Cooling Pledge.

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